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Students 2 - 10

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Student 2

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

11

4

5

2

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View the Original Response


Question 1 Archeology is the study of human society and artifacts related to that. Archeologists excavate sites to conduct a study. They join with the local people and government to excavate sites. They follow a process. First of all they survey the site. This is done by either direct visual surrey or remote sensing. They take pictures of the site or penetrate the ground with scanners to locate artifacts. After that they begin excavation. They start by setting up a grid and connect it to a datum - a fixed ref.poijnt. Next, they dig several test pits to determine the location, density, and spread of the artifacts. Then they excavate teh site using trovels, shovels, and various other tools. They remove the dirt and note the precise location of the artifacts. The dirt removed is screened to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed initially. Theu also look for features, that is any unmovable human activity like fire rings. Finally, once the site is completely excavated, they t=fill the site back and tke the aritfacts to the lab to anaylize. These ae the methods to excavate an artifact. Question 2 When archaeologists excavate a site looking for artifacts, they also look for features. A feature is evidence oda human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component. An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, ike a road, is not a feature. An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the components. This is a feature. Question 3 While excavating a site, a pot shard is discovered near some trees. It is estimated that this shard is from around 100 B.C. To confirm this we can use artifacts found on the site with confirmed dates. These artifcats are known as diagnostic artifacts. The other method is Dendrochronology method, whiich uses the annual growth rings in trees to establish an age for artifacts.





Student 3

Criteria

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Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

9

4

4

 1

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The eight steps to successfully excavate an artifact are: 1. Setting up a grid and connecting the grid to a datum 2. Digging several test pits to determine the location, density and spread of artifacts 3. Excavating the site using trowels, shovels, and various other tools 4. Removing dirt and note the precise location of any artifacts found 5. Screening the removed dirt to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed during the initial excavation 6. Taking artifacts to a lab, either locally or at the archaeologist’s home institution to analyze and classify based on the research questions of the archaeologist 7. Grouping artifacts with other artifacts of the same type on the basis of its characteristics such as function or style 8. Using stratigraphy/ dendrochronology/ radiocarbon dating, the age of the artifacts is determined

Question 2

The evidence of a human activity that is not movable, and generally has a vertical component is the artifacts feature, which an Archaeologists look for while excavating a site. For example, a frequently used fire ring. However, an aspect of the site which is only horizontal, such as the road, is not a feature.

Question 3

The two methods of estimating pot shard are:

  • Radiocarbon Dating: This uses the decay of carbon and the ratio of C-12 to C-14 to determine the age of the artifact.
  • Stratigraphy: Archaeologists also try to determine how old artifacts are. This can be done relative to other artifacts using stratigraphy-the idea that older artifacts are below newer ones.

These methods analyze the layer of the earth where the artifacts are found. And as the prompt says, there is only pot shard, which is discovered during the dig. Hence, other methods of dating cannot be used as there are no other artifacts to compare with.





Student 4

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

5

3

1

 1

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View the Original Response


Question 1 Archeology is the study of human society and artifacts related to that. Archeologists excavate sites to conduct a study. They join with the local people and government to excavate sites. They follow a process. First of all they survey the site. This is done by either direct visual surrey or remote sensing. They take pictures of the site or penetrate the ground with scanners to locate artifacts. After that they begin excavation. They start by setting up a grid and connect it to a datum - a fixed ref.poijnt. Next, they dig several test pits to determine the location, density, and spread of the artifacts. Then they excavate teh site using trovels, shovels, and various other tools. They remove the dirt and note the precise location of the artifacts. The dirt removed is screened to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed initially. Theu also look for features, that is any unmovable human activity like fire rings. Finally, once the site is completely excavated, they t=fill the site back and tke the aritfacts to the lab to anaylize. These ae the methods to excavate an artifact. Question 2 When archaeologists excavate a site looking for artifacts, they also look for features. A feature is evidence oda human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component. An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, ike a road, is not a feature. An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the components. This is a feature. Question 3 While excavating a site, a pot shard is discovered near some trees. It is estimated that this shard is from around 100 B.C. To confirm this we can use artifacts found on the site with confirmed dates. These artifcats are known as diagnostic artifacts. The other method is Dendrochronology method, whiich uses the annual growth rings in trees to establish an age for artifacts.





Student 5

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

9

4

2

3

______

______

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______

View the Original Response


Question 1 Archeology is the study of human society and artifacts related to that. Archeologists excavate sites to conduct a study. They join with the local people and government to excavate sites. They follow a process. First of all they survey the site. This is done by either direct visual surrey or remote sensing. They take pictures of the site or penetrate the ground with scanners to locate artifacts. After that they begin excavation. They start by setting up a grid and connect it to a datum - a fixed ref.poijnt. Next, they dig several test pits to determine the location, density, and spread of the artifacts. Then they excavate teh site using trovels, shovels, and various other tools. They remove the dirt and note the precise location of the artifacts. The dirt removed is screened to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed initially. Theu also look for features, that is any unmovable human activity like fire rings. Finally, once the site is completely excavated, they t=fill the site back and tke the aritfacts to the lab to anaylize. These ae the methods to excavate an artifact. Question 2 When archaeologists excavate a site looking for artifacts, they also look for features. A feature is evidence oda human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component. An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, ike a road, is not a feature. An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the components. This is a feature. Question 3 While excavating a site, a pot shard is discovered near some trees. It is estimated that this shard is from around 100 B.C. To confirm this we can use artifacts found on the site with confirmed dates. These artifcats are known as diagnostic artifacts. The other method is Dendrochronology method, whiich uses the annual growth rings in trees to establish an age for artifacts.





Student 6

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

10

2

3

5

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View the Original Response


Question 1 Archeology is the study of human society and artifacts related to that. Archeologists excavate sites to conduct a study. They join with the local people and government to excavate sites. They follow a process. First of all they survey the site. This is done by either direct visual surrey or remote sensing. They take pictures of the site or penetrate the ground with scanners to locate artifacts. After that they begin excavation. They start by setting up a grid and connect it to a datum - a fixed ref.poijnt. Next, they dig several test pits to determine the location, density, and spread of the artifacts. Then they excavate teh site using trovels, shovels, and various other tools. They remove the dirt and note the precise location of the artifacts. The dirt removed is screened to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed initially. Theu also look for features, that is any unmovable human activity like fire rings. Finally, once the site is completely excavated, they t=fill the site back and tke the aritfacts to the lab to anaylize. These ae the methods to excavate an artifact. Question 2 When archaeologists excavate a site looking for artifacts, they also look for features. A feature is evidence oda human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component. An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, ike a road, is not a feature. An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the components. This is a feature. Question 3 While excavating a site, a pot shard is discovered near some trees. It is estimated that this shard is from around 100 B.C. To confirm this we can use artifacts found on the site with confirmed dates. These artifcats are known as diagnostic artifacts. The other method is Dendrochronology method, whiich uses the annual growth rings in trees to establish an age for artifacts.





Student 7

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

13

4

4

5

______

______

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View the Original Response


Question 1 Archeology is the study of human society and artifacts related to that. Archeologists excavate sites to conduct a study. They join with the local people and government to excavate sites. They follow a process. First of all they survey the site. This is done by either direct visual surrey or remote sensing. They take pictures of the site or penetrate the ground with scanners to locate artifacts. After that they begin excavation. They start by setting up a grid and connect it to a datum - a fixed ref.poijnt. Next, they dig several test pits to determine the location, density, and spread of the artifacts. Then they excavate teh site using trovels, shovels, and various other tools. They remove the dirt and note the precise location of the artifacts. The dirt removed is screened to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed initially. Theu also look for features, that is any unmovable human activity like fire rings. Finally, once the site is completely excavated, they t=fill the site back and tke the aritfacts to the lab to anaylize. These ae the methods to excavate an artifact. Question 2 When archaeologists excavate a site looking for artifacts, they also look for features. A feature is evidence oda human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component. An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, ike a road, is not a feature. An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the components. This is a feature. Question 3 While excavating a site, a pot shard is discovered near some trees. It is estimated that this shard is from around 100 B.C. To confirm this we can use artifacts found on the site with confirmed dates. These artifcats are known as diagnostic artifacts. The other method is Dendrochronology method, whiich uses the annual growth rings in trees to establish an age for artifacts.





Student 8

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

5

1

4

 0

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View the Original Response


Question 1 To successfully excavate an artifact, you need to find it using one or more non-invasive technique, so as to not disturb or damage the artifacts before excavation. Then, dig the dirt out of the area and keep track of the location of each artifact you found. Then, fill back in the area so that you leave it as you found it. Leaving the land undisturbed is key, as well as preventing people from injuring themselves in the excavation site. Question 2 Features are traces of human activity that they have abandoned. A fire pit is a feature, but a road is not. Question 3 I would use either radiocarbon dating or dendrochronology to date this pot shard. Radiocarbon dating would work because everything is made of carbon, and this shard is not a recent artifact that this method would have trouble dating. Dendrochronology would work because the rings of trees grow in predictable ways, which is useful in identifying a timeline for the artifact. The shard was found near trees, meaning that this method would be a viable option.





Student 9

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

9

2

3

4

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View the Original Response


Question 1 To successfully excavate an artifact, you need to find it using one or more non-invasive technique, so as to not disturb or damage the artifacts before excavation. Then, dig the dirt out of the area and keep track of the location of each artifact you found. Then, fill back in the area so that you leave it as you found it. Leaving the land undisturbed is key, as well as preventing people from injuring themselves in the excavation site. Question 2 Features are traces of human activity that they have abandoned. A fire pit is a feature, but a road is not. Question 3 I would use either radiocarbon dating or dendrochronology to date this pot shard. Radiocarbon dating would work because everything is made of carbon, and this shard is not a recent artifact that this method would have trouble dating. Dendrochronology would work because the rings of trees grow in predictable ways, which is useful in identifying a timeline for the artifact. The shard was found near trees, meaning that this method would be a viable option.





Student 10

Criteria

Override Score

Intergrader Score

Total Score

Question 1

Question 2

Question 3

12

5

5

2

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View the Original Response


Question 1 Archeology is the study of human society and artifacts related to that. Archeologists excavate sites to conduct a study. They join with the local people and government to excavate sites. They follow a process. First of all they survey the site. This is done by either direct visual surrey or remote sensing. They take pictures of the site or penetrate the ground with scanners to locate artifacts. After that they begin excavation. They start by setting up a grid and connect it to a datum - a fixed ref.poijnt. Next, they dig several test pits to determine the location, density, and spread of the artifacts. Then they excavate teh site using trovels, shovels, and various other tools. They remove the dirt and note the precise location of the artifacts. The dirt removed is screened to search for any small artifacts that may have been missed initially. Theu also look for features, that is any unmovable human activity like fire rings. Finally, once the site is completely excavated, they t=fill the site back and tke the aritfacts to the lab to anaylize. These ae the methods to excavate an artifact. Question 2 When archaeologists excavate a site looking for artifacts, they also look for features. A feature is evidence oda human activity that is not movable, and usually has a vertical component. An aspect of a site that is only horizontal, ike a road, is not a feature. An example is a frequently used fire ring will leave evidence behind in the soil, but it cannot be moved with the components. This is a feature. Question 3 While excavating a site, a pot shard is discovered near some trees. It is estimated that this shard is from around 100 B.C. To confirm this we can use artifacts found on the site with confirmed dates. These artifcats are known as diagnostic artifacts. The other method is Dendrochronology method, whiich uses the annual growth rings in trees to establish an age for artifacts.





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